Catholic Family News

This Month’s Edition

This month’s edition of Catholic Family News contains the articles listed below. Only a few of these are reprinted on this website. To read all of the articles contained in this month’s edition, choose one of our subscription options, each of which comes with access to the E-Edition of the paper so you can start reading these articles now.

May 2022 Contents

The Mass and the Crisis in the Church: Review of Bishop Schneider’s The Catholic Mass (Brian McCall)

Bishop Athanasius Schneider, auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of St. Mary in Astana, Kazakhstan, has published an incredibly important book together with Italian composer and writer Aurelio Porfiri. The Catholic Mass: Steps to Restore the Centrality of God in the Liturgy (Sophia Institute Press, 2021) is a critical work to help understand the way out of the doctrinal and liturgical crisis that has gripped the Church since Vatican II.

The very subtitle of the book underscores the depth of the crisis. That the centrality of God needs to be restored to the liturgy means that the crisis of the liturgy is primarily not one of aesthetics (although it involves it) but one of doctrine. That God is no longer at the center of the liturgy reflects the fact that we do not understand Who God is or what the liturgy is supposed to be. Bishop Schneider attempts to restore that doctrinal foundation of the liturgy which, if corrected, will restore God to the central place He ought to hold.

The Book’s Method

From the image featured on the front cover, it is very clear that the book intends to demonstrate the need to restore the Traditional Latin Mass. The cover clearly shows a traditional Solemn High Mass with priest, deacon, and subdeacon. At the same time, this book differs from many others which attempt to extol the traditional liturgy or demonstrate the deficiencies of the Novus Ordo. Bishop Schneider does not structure the book around the details of the two liturgies, nor does he primarily contrast the vast differences in words and ceremonies (although he does refer to these differences). Instead, the book is structured around 12 fundamental doctrinal statements about the Mass. To continue reading, subscribe to Catholic Family News

Innovations Will Continue Until Morale Improves: On Francis’ New Constitution for the Roman Curia (Peter A. Kwasniewski, Ph.D.)

On March 19, 2022, Pope Francis released the text of the long-awaited reform of the Roman Curia in an Apostolic Constitution entitled Praedicate Evangelium (Preach the Gospel: hereafter, PE). I say “long-awaited” because this reform was apparently one of the main reasons the cardinals elected Bergoglio back in 2013, when he talked tough about the need for reform in the Vatican. It has thus been in the works for nine years, with a council of cardinals (some of whom ended in disgrace), and with a consultation of the world episcopacy. (No one knows precisely how wide or serious this consultation was; if the survey on the traditional Mass is any indication, the Vatican seems to practice “synodality” in inverse proportion to how much it talks about it.)

The fact that, after nine years of thrashing around, the Constitution was released suddenly, in Italian only, and in the midst of a highly distracting situation in Eastern Europe, does not exactly inspire confidence in its “above-boardness.” We have seen similar tactics used in this pontificate for augmenting chaos and disarming opposition, as when Traditionis Custodes was released last July 16 effective immediately, or when the responses to the supposed dubia were released a week before Christmas by the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments (usually abbreviated CDW).

In spite of nearly a decade of work on it, the document betrayed telltale signs of haste and clumsiness. For example, it still referred to “the extraordinary form” [sic] of the Roman rite when discussing the competencies of the former CDW (soon to be called the Dicastery for Divine Worship: we will need to get used to writing DDW), even though Francis’s motu proprio of July 16 had obliterated the nomenclature of Summorum Pontificum. It was about time that he did so, and that he stated the truth that there is only one form of the Roman rite. Click here to continue reading

*The Popes Speak* St. Pius X’s Encyclical Ad Diem Illum Laetissimum on the Immaculate Conception

Recalling the 50th Anniversary of the Dogma of the Immaculate Conception

1. An interval of a few months will again bring round that most happy day on which, fifty years ago, Our Predecessor Pius IX, Pontiff of holy memory, surrounded by a noble crown of Cardinals and Bishops, pronounced and promulgated with the authority of the infallible magisterium as a truth revealed by God that the Most Blessed Virgin Mary in the first instant of her conception was free from all stain of original sin. All the world knows the feelings with which the faithful of all the nations of the earth received this proclamation and the manifestations of public satisfaction and joy which greeted it, for truly there has not been in the memory of man any more universal or more harmonious expression of sentiment shown towards the august Mother of God or the Vicar of Jesus Christ.

2. And, Venerable Brethren, why should we not hope today after the lapse of half a century, when we renew the memory of the Immaculate Virgin, that an echo of that holy joy will be awakened in our minds, and that those magnificent scenes of a distant day, of faith and of love towards the august Mother of God, will be repeated? Of all this We are, indeed, rendered ardently desirous by the devotion, united with supreme gratitude for benefits received, which We have always cherished towards the Blessed Virgin; and We have a sure pledge of the fulfillment of Our desires in the fervor of all Catholics, ready and willing as they are to multiply their testimonies of love and reverence for the great Mother of God. But We must not omit to say that this desire of Ours is especially stimulated by a sort of secret instinct which leads Us to regard as not far distant the fulfillment of those great hopes to which, certainly not rashly, the solemn promulgation of the dogma of the Immaculate Conception opened the minds of Pius, Our predecessor, and of all the Bishops of the universe. Click here to continue reading

Is the Enemy of My Enemy, My Enemy? Russia, China, and the Globalists — Part I (Edmund J. Mazza, Ph.D.)

Fifty years ago this past February, President Richard Nixon shocked the world with his visit to the “People’s Republic” of China. Since the 1949 Communist Revolution, “Red” China had been a pariah, an outlier among the “civilized” nations; the US had always recognized the democratic government in exile in Taiwan as the true China. But Nixon’s closest advisors (Henry Kissinger foremost among them) had persuaded the Republican President to take advantage of the recent “friction” between the two communist giants — Russia and China — by cozying up to the latter to gain concessions from the former.

Fast forward half a century: on the eve of the 2022 Beijing Olympics, it was the President of Russia, Vladimir Putin, who stood side by side with Chinese President Xi Jinping proudly declaring partnership. (Indeed, the two super-powers are now in talks with India, Brazil, and the Arab states aimed at creating a worldwide reserve currency to replace the US dollar.)

Exactly what went wrong here?

If the now-departed KGB defector Anatoly Golitsyn is to be believed: the West was taken in — hook, line, and sinker.

Inside Information: Anatoly Golitsyn

Golitsyn defected to the West in 1961 to warn of a grand Russian disinformation campaign designed to win the Cold War without firing a shot. Part of the deception was to get America and its allies to believe that the USSR was becoming more “Western,” more “democratic” and that the worst thing we could do would be to provoke a hardline reaction by building up our own strategic forces or working pro-actively to take down the socialist regime in Moscow. In his 1984 book, New Lies For Old, Golitsyn predicted the “liberation of Eastern Europe” and the “fall of the Soviet Union” a full five years before they happened… To continue reading, subscribe to Catholic Family News

Joy, Peace, and Patience: Important Fruits of the Holy Ghost (Matt Gaspers)

During His sublime discourse to the Apostles on the eve of His Passion, Our Lord explained the nature of our relationship to Him in the spiritual life as follows:

I am the true vine; and My Father is the husbandman. Every branch in Me that beareth not fruit, He will take away: and every one that beareth fruit, He will purge it, that it may bring forth more fruit. … Abide in Me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit of itself, unless it abide in the vine, so neither can you, unless you abide in Me. I am the vine: you the branches: he that abideth in Me, and I in him, the same beareth much fruit: for without Me you can do nothing. If any one abide not in Me, he shall be cast forth as a branch, and shall wither, and they shall gather him up, and cast him into the fire, and he burneth. If you abide in Me, and My words abide in you, you shall ask whatever you will, and it shall be done unto you. In this is My Father glorified; that you bring forth very much fruit, and become My disciples. (John 15:1-2, 4-8)

While the “fruit” Our Lord speaks of certainly includes exterior works (e.g., the corporal and spiritual works of mercy), it seems the primary “fruit” He calls us to produce – or rather, desires to produce in us – is that of interior conversion, which manifests as “the fruit of the Spirit”, namely: “charity, joy, peace, patience, benignity, goodness, longanimity, mildness, faith, modesty, continency, chastity” (Gal. 5:22-23).

Fr. John Hardon, S.J. explains in his Pocket Catholic Dictionary that these fruits listed by St. Paul are “identifiable effects of the Holy Spirit” in our souls.[1] Our Lord tells us, “By their fruits you shall know them,” and “A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit: neither can an evil tree bring forth good fruit” (Matt. 7:16, 18). With humility, then, we must take stock of the fruits we ourselves are producing (rather than focusing on our neighbor, which is so easy to do) and make sure we are allowing the Holy Ghost to cultivate His good fruits in our hearts, minds, and actions. Click here to continue reading

The Temptation of the Strong Man: Reflections on Russia’s Invasion of Ukraine (Alan Fimister, Ph.D., S.T.L.)

Prince Volodymyr and the Baptism of Rus

In 988, St. Volodymyr the Great, Prince of Kyiv, was baptized in the ancient city of Cherson according to the Byzantine Rite. The Church of Constantinople was in full communion with the See of Rome. In 1147, when the obscure provincial settlement of Moscow is first referenced in the historical record, Rome and Constantinople had been in schism for nearly a century. This fact, and the very different subsequent history of the two cities, are vital for understanding the conflict that now rages between them.

When Prince Volodymyr first considered abandoning the superstitions of his ancestors, he sent out ambassadors to examine the principal forms of monotheism. The Jews he rejected because they had lost Jerusalem and so, he concluded, must have offended the Almighty; the Muslims he rejected because they rejected alcohol, ‘the joy of the Rus’; and the Latin Catholics because the German liturgy was so dreadful. In the end, he took the Gospel from Byzantium because his envoy found in the City of Constantine a liturgy worthy of the Lord of Heaven and Earth.

Ukraine and Russia: Historic Tensions

In times past, the country now being subjected to brutal invasion by the armies of Vladimir Putin was generally referred to as ‘The Ukraine’; nowadays, it is generally called simply ‘Ukraine’. Slav languages don’t have definite articles, so in that sense there isn’t a ‘right answer’ to the question of how to translate ‘Ukraine’. Ukrainians themselves, however, are not fond of the ‘the’. It is a touchy question because of a dispute over the etymology of the word ‘Ukraine’ itself. Many etymologists would argue it means ‘borderland’ or ‘march’. Ukrainians in general will tell you it means ‘region’ or ‘land’. The implication they are keen to avoid is that Ukraine is, as Putin would have it, ‘not a real country’ but a frontier fit only to be partitioned between Russia and Poland.

A further confusion is created by the name ‘Russia’. The country that calls itself Russia is really ‘Muscovy’, the distant offshoot of the true Rus, the more ancient civilization of Kyiv — an offshoot that was unknown to history before the mid-12th century. Kievan Rus was devastated in the 13th century by the Mongolian invasions and by the 15th century its former territory was being swallowed up by its erstwhile neighbor Poland and its former province Muscovy. In 1547, in order to justify its territorial ambitions to rule all the territory once governed from Kyiv, Muscovy changed its name to ‘Russia’. To continue reading, subscribe to Catholic Family News

“Behold Thy Mother”: Masculinity and Marian Devotion (Kennedy Hall)

Whether in the wild or in the wild setting of an elementary school playground, the presence of a female brings out the best and worst in the males around her. We have all probably seen footage of ornately clad creatures puffing up their chests to impress a female, and we have most likely seen animals doing the same thing.

In the animal kingdom as well as in human society, there is something about the very nature of creation that inspires males to seek to impress a female in order to prove his worth. Of course, this goes beyond mere mating rituals and the foolishness of angsty teens trying to get a young lady’s attention. There is something deeper — something built into the way that God created the natural world.

As the husband of my wonderful wife and father of a precious daughter, I know that the admiration of my daughter might be as important in some ways as that of my wife. As I write this, I recall just the other day coming off the ice after a game of hockey. I play goaltender and had a decent night in net, which isn’t saying much as it was a pick-up game with a motley crew of men of all ages and physical fitness levels. At any rate, my wife had the kids memorize a couple of slogans to cheer for Daddy as I came off the ice.

With her loudest and most vibrant four-year-old cheer, my little girl yelled, “You were on fire, Daddy!” I’m not sure she even knew what it meant, and my three boys also cheered the same thing. But you know what? Hearing it from my little girl was what stuck out the most.

Men are hardwired to seek affection from the women in their lives. It is just a fact. To continue reading, subscribe to Catholic Family News

Hope on the Liturgical Horizon: Seventeen Priests Tell Their Stories (Amanda Evinger)

Editor’s Note: Earlier this year (February 2022 issue), CFN contributor Amanda Evinger revisited a collection of testimonies from traditional lay Catholics published under the title Love in the Ruins: Modern Catholics in Search of the Ancient Faith (Angelus Press, 2009). This month, she reviews what could be called the priestly companion to Love in the Ruins.

Compiled by CFN’s longtime editor John Vennari (RIP), the book Priest, Where is Thy Mass? Mass, Where is Thy Priest? (Angelus Press, 2004) collects the testimony of 17 priests who, under differing circumstances, came to discover (or, in some cases, rediscover) the Traditional Latin Mass and began to offer it exclusively. As with Love in the Ruins, the testimony found in Priest, Where is Thy Mass? Mass, Where is Thy Priest? reminds us that the ancient Faith and the ancient Mass are inseparable — and further, that the ancient Mass is vital for the proper formation of priestly souls.

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In light of the liturgical wasteland in which the modern Church finds herself roaming, we could all use a good dose of hope to keep our spirits up. And who better to give us hope than our fathers in the Holy Faith? In the book, Priest, Where is Thy Mass? Mass, Where is Thy Priest? we may read the profoundly inspiring stories of 17 priests who “left everything” to follow Christ by embracing authentic Catholicism, the Traditional Latin Mass, and a more genuine, life-giving, and sacrificial Catholic spirituality.

The interviews contained in the book were conducted as an outreach to Catholic priests by St. Thomas Aquinas Seminary (SSPX) between May 2002 and September 2003 (a few years prior to the publication Benedict XVI’s landmark document Summorum Pontificum in July 2007). In a powerful way, they reveal just how much of a gem the Immemorial Mass really is — it is verily the Church’s “pearl of great price” and her bountiful storehouse of heavenly graces. The courageous testimonies of the priests within this book remind us that the Mass of All Time is truly meant for all time, and no power under God’s sun can change that reality. To continue reading, subscribe to Catholic Family News

Why May Is Our Lady’s Month (Marianna Bartold)

De Maria numquam satis (“Of Mary, there is never enough”), as St Bernard of Clairvaux was known to say. Throughout the liturgical year, not a month passes in which the Virgin Mary, Mother of God, is not honored (at the least) on one day. Yet even that is “not enough,” because there are two entire months of the year ― May and October ― which are especially dedicated to her. When Our Lady came to Fatima, Portugal in 1917 with a message for the universal Church, it cannot be a coincidence that she first chose to appear on May 13 and asked the children to return on the same day, at the same hour, every month through October. Everyone knows that October is the month of the Holy Rosary. So why, we might ask, is May also known as Our Lady’s month?

Veneration of the Virgin: Rooted in Doctrine

That May is one of Mary’s months is rooted in the doctrine that she is the Mother of God. That doctrine, traced to the infant Church, was dogmatically defined at the Council of Ephesus (A.D. 431). The Catholic Encyclopedia explains that “the firm theological basis, upon which was afterwards reared the edifice of Marian devotion, began to be laid in the first century…It is not without significance that we are told of the Apostles after the Ascension of Christ, that ‘all of these were persevering with one mind in prayer with the women, and Mary the Mother of Jesus, and with His brethren’ (Acts 1:14). Also, attention has rightly been called to the fact that St. Mark, though he tells us nothing of our Christ’s childhood, nevertheless describes Him as ‘the son of Mary’ (Mark 6:3), a circumstance which, in view of certain known peculiarities of the Second Evangelist, greatly emphasizes his belief in the Virgin Birth.”

“The same mystery is insisted upon by St. Ignatius of Antioch who, after describing Jesus as ‘Son of Mary and Son of God,’ goes on to tell the Ephesians (7, 18, and 19) that ‘our God, Jesus Christ, was conceived in the womb of Mary according to a dispensation of the seed of David but also of the Holy Ghost.”

The entry, which expounds on the Church’s developing devotion to Our Lady, speaks of St. Epiphanius (d. 403) who wrote: “‘Let Mary be held in honour. Let the Father, Son, and Holy Ghost be adored, but let no one adore Mary’ (ten Marian medeis prosknueito). … Certain it is, in any case, that such Fathers as St. Ambrose and St. Jerome, partly inspired with admiration for the ascetic ideals of a life of virginity and partly groping their way to a clearer understanding of all that was involved in the mystery of the Incarnation, began to speak of the Blessed Virgin as the model of all virtue and the ideal of sinlessness. … In any case, the evidence of the Syriac manuscripts proved beyond all question that in the East before the end of the sixth century, and probably very much earlier, devotion to the Blessed Virgin had assumed all those developments which are usually associated with the later Middle Ages. …

“In some manuscripts of the ‘Transitus Mariae’ — dating from the late fifth century — we find mention of three annual feasts of the Blessed Virgin,” which were individually celebrated during the following times: (1) one or two days after the feast of Our Lord’s Nativity, (2) the 15th day of Iyar, corresponding more or less to (the month of) May, and (3) the 13th or 15th day of Ab (roughly August), which may be the origin of our present feast day commemorating Our Lady’s Assumption. To continue reading, subscribe to Catholic Family News

*Roman Catechism Series* The Lord’s Prayer: Amen (Matthew Plese)

Editor’s Note: This month’s article brings to a close this long-running and outstanding series on the Roman Catechism, which began in the January 2019 issue and has appeared every month since, covering the entire Catechism produced under the watchful eye of St. Charles Borromeo (1538-1584) and published by decree of Pope St. Pius V (r. 1566-1572). Catholic Family News thanks Matthew Plese for his commendable contribution to our monthly journal and is pleased to announce that he will return to CFN next month to begin another extended series — this time, covering the contents of Laying the Foundation: A Handbook of Catholic Apologetics and Fundamental Theology (first published in 1942 under a different title) by Msgr. Joseph Clifford Fenton (1906-1969), one of the favorite theologians of CFN’s longtime editor John Vennari (RIP). Until then, we hope you enjoy the conclusion to Mr. Plese’s Roman Catechism Series.

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The Seal of the Lord’s Prayer

After having studied the seven petitions of the Lord’s Prayer, we come to the conclusion not only of the Our Father but also of the Roman Catechism itself. It is most fitting that the crowning word “Amen” completes the Lord’s Prayer and our study of the Faith as presented with clarity, precision, and timeless beauty in the Roman Catechism, which opens its final chapter by calling “Amen” the “seal of the Lord’s Prayer”:

“St. Jerome in his commentary on St. Matthew rightly calls this word what it really is, the seal of the Lord’s Prayer. As then we have already admonished the faithful with regard to the preparation to be made before this holy prayer, so we deem it necessary that they should also know why we close our prayers with this word, and what it signifies; for devotion in concluding our prayers is not less important than attention in beginning them.”

The Fruits of Prayer

Before explaining the meaning of the Hebrew word “Amen,” which we say so often but rarely reflect upon, the Roman Catechism first sets before us the spiritual fruits that come to the soul at the conclusion of prayer. The first such fruit is truly sublime — that the God of the universe hears our lowly prayers:

“The faithful, then, should be taught that the fruits, which we gather from the conclusion of the Lord’s Prayer are numerous and abundant, the greatest and most joyful of them being the attainment of what we ask. On this point enough has already been said.”

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Meet Jack Maxey: The Man Sounding the Alarm on the Contents of Hunter Biden’s Laptop (Maike Hickson, Ph.D.)

Jack Maxey is a name that until recently was mostly only known to those who watched Steve Bannon’s “War Room: Pandemic” show, where Jack served as a co-host from October 2019 until January of 2021. There, the historian and financial expert was known for his deep insights, expertise, and occasional quotes from St. Augustine. Maxey was the first journalist to detect the COVID outbreak on December 26, 2019 and from early on favored Sweden’s approach as well as the use of Hydroxychloroquine and Ivermectin.

But at the beginning of April of this year, Maxey’s name came into national and even international news because of his work on analyzing the contents of Hunter Biden’s laptop — having received a copy of the laptop’s hard drive in October of 2020 from Rudy Giuliani for Bannon’s show. Ever since that time, he considered it his duty to make use of the laptop’s contents in order to root out the corruption in our nation. He left the “War Room” show in January of last year, in order to dedicate his time and energy to the laptop.

Exposing the Content’s of Hunter’s Hard Drive

His first steps were to try and make the laptop’s contents available to major news outlets, such as Fox News, the Washington Post, and others. At first, none of them would accept the offer. Only in March of 2022 did England’s Daily Mail take a copy and begin reporting last month on the horrendous corruption that became visible in the thousands of e-mails, text messages, and photos. Their reports show how Hunter Biden used his connection with his father — then the Vice President of the United States — in order to broker financial deals with firms in Ukraine, China, Romania, Mexico and other places. For example, he sat on the board of the Ukrainian energy company Burisma, receiving some $80,000 a month for his services, without having any professional expertise in that field. At times, his father attended business meetings with Hunter Biden’s business partners. And Joe Biden, of course, received his own share of the income stemming from these financial deals — ten percent, as one e-mail shows. To continue reading, subscribe to the Catholic Family News E-Edition

INTERVIEW: Archbishop Viganò Discusses “Anti-Globalist Alliance,” “Russian-Ukrainian Crisis,” Need for “Official Investigation” into 2013 Conclave (Aldo Maria Valli)

Editor’s Note: In this wide-ranging interview with Italian journalist Aldo Maria Valli (first published in Italian on Mr. Valli’s blog shortly before Holy Week), Archbishop Carlo Maria Viganò fields questions related to his Appeal last November for an Anti-Globalist Alliance, the fate of the Church “after Bergoglio’s reign” and the prospect of a “credible and authentically Catholic” cardinal (in Valli’s words) being elected at the next conclave, the ongoing “Russian-Ukrainian crisis” (Viganò) and related scandals involving the Biden family, and more. His Grace also responds to his Catholic critics — those who object to Archbishop Viganò’s public commentary on the grounds that he is “too concerned now with politics and economics,” in Valli’s words.

Catholic Family News is pleased to help circulate the official English translation of the interview, which we received directly from Archbishop Viganò.

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Aldo Maria Valli (AMV): Your Excellency, here in Italy it is more and more apparent that there is a political vacuum. A growing number of Italians do not feel that they are represented by the current political parties. On the other hand, there are political movements that are gearing up in different ways to fill this void. This question also concerns Catholics, perhaps more than anyone else, as was apparent during the first public meeting of the Comitato Liberi in Veritate [Free in the Truth Committee], which was formed in response to the anti-globalist appeal that you issued, beginning with the consideration that for two years now we have been living with all the effects of a global coup. There are two questions in this regard. First: Do you think that there is room for political action by those who intend to oppose the dominant aligned thought and fight for the liberty of man as God has created him? Second: is it still useful to invest in a national commitment when it has now been demonstrated that the biggest decisions are being made at the supra-national level by powerful people who are able to influence and direct the choices of individual nations?

Abp. Viganò: Catholics, as citizens, have the right and duty to influence society by their civic and political involvement. To sit back and let others participate in the political life of the nation, especially at a moment when the principles of the natural law and morality are ignored or openly opposed, would be irresponsible. It is true that the democratic system has its weak points, because it gives the power of governance to the numerical majority rather than to what is right and good. However, we ought to recognize that first with the pandemic farce and now with the Russian-Ukrainian crisis, we now understand that the will of the majority, despite all the manipulations of the mainstream media, is less and less convinced of the official narrative. This shows that there is a split between the ruling political class and citizens, who are realizing that a coup has been carried out against them by a mafia of bureaucrats and political leaders who are enslaved to the globalist elite.

As soon as people understand that a silent coup is happening, they will have to react and oppose the dictatorship before they are deprived of other fundamental rights.

AMV: In your Appeal for an anti-globalist alliance, you have called rulers, political and religious leaders, intellectuals, and people of good will to unite, inviting all of them to join together in issuing an anti-globalist manifesto. Can you update us on the latest developments with this initiative in Italy and elsewhere?

Abp. Viganò: I issued an Appeal in order to respond to the globalist tyranny, and I see that interest and support for it is growing from many different quarters in various nations. I believe however that the evidence of who is responsible for the Russian-Ukrainian crisis and the folly of insisting on provocations rather than seeking peace will make many people understand the danger to which they are exposed if they do not organize in order to firmly resist the deep state’s coup. I know that in the United States the initiative has found a warm reception not only among Republicans but also among many Democrat voters who are disgusted by the scandals and corruption of Obama, the Clintons, and the Bidens. Click here to continue reading